Wednesday, March 9, 2016

Use the Riptide Guitar’s Guitar Circle of Fourths to Get the Tones of Any Scale or Chords of Any Key


The Guitar Circle of Fourths rocks. It does. You can use the Guitar Circle of Fourths to work out the tones of any scale or chords of any key.

In Riptide Guitar’s Guitar Circle of Fourths, I showed you how you can find the Guitar Circle of Fourths on the fretboard.


MINOR 5 (MINOR PENTATONIC)


  • The intervals of any minor pentatonic scale: m3 M2 M2 m3 M2
  • The intervals of E Minor 5 from E: m3 P4 P5 m7 P8

The Visual Way:



  1. Pick your tonic
  2. The P5 is to the first left of your tonic
  3. The P4 is to the first right of your tonic
  4. The remaining two tones are to the right of the P4
  5. The 2nd remaining chord is the 2 chord of the scale
  6. The 1st remaining chord is the 4 chord of the scale

THE BLUES

  • The Blues scale is the minor pentatonic scale with the TT added.
  • The intervals of any minor pentatonic scale: m3 M2 m2 m2 m3 M2 
  • The intervals of E Blues from E: m3 P4 TT P5 m7 P8
  • The Blues splits the second M2 of the pentatonic scale into two m2.

The Visual Way:

  1. Use the Riptide Guitar Circle of Fourths™
  2. Use the Visual Way to get your tones for Minor 5.
  3. Add the TT.
  4. The TT is directly opposite of the tonic on the Guitar Circle of Fourths.

E MAJOR 5 (E MAJOR PENTATONIC)

  • Any major 5 scale flattens the 2, 3 and 5 of the minor 5 scale.
  • The intervals of any major pentatonic scale: M2 M2 m3 M2 m3
  • The intervals of E Major 5 from E: M2 M3 P5 M6 P8
  • The major 5 swaps the 1 and 3 and the 4 and 5 of a minor 5 scale.

The Visual Way:

  1. Pick your tonic
  2. The P5 is to the first left of your tonic
  3. The rest of the tones are to the left of the P5
  4. Two left from the tonic is the M2
  5. Four left from the tonic is the M3
  6. Three left from the tonic is the M6

E MAJOR 7 (E IONIAN)

  • Any Major 7 scale adds the P4 and the M7 to the Major 5 scale.
  • The intervals of any major 7 scale: M2 M2 m2 M2 M2 M2 m2
  • The intervals of any major 7 scale from the tonic: M2 M3 P4 P5 M6 M7 P8
  • Any Major 7 has two Major tetrachords (2-2-1) that hinge around a M2.
  • The hinge is a P5 from the tonic and starts the second tetrachord.
  1. Take the tones of the minor 5 and flatten the 2, 3 and 5.
  2. Add the P4 and the M7.

The Visual Way:

  1. Use the Visual Way to get your tones for Major 5.
  2. Add the P4.
  3. The P4 is to the first right of your tonic
  4. Add the M7.
  5. The M7 is right seven of your tonic
  6. Another way: The M7 is left one of your TT and your TT is opposite your tonic.

CHORDS OF A MAJOR KEY

  • The root of the chords of a major key match the tones of the Major 7 (Ionian) scale. 
  • The intervals of Major 7: M2 M3 P4 P5 M6 M7 P8 
  • The perfect tones root the major chords. 
  • The major tones root the minor chords. 
  • The M7 chord is a diminished chord. A diminished chord is like a minor chord with a flatted 5th. The intervals of a diminished chords: m3 m3. 

The Visual Way:


  1. Pick your root
  2. The P5 is to the first left of your root
  3. The P4 is to the first right of your root
  4. The remaining four chords are to the left of the P5 and before the TT
  5. The 2 chord is first
  6. The 4 chord is third
  7. The 6 chord is second
  8. The 7 chord is fourth

The Step Way:


  1. Pick your root
  2. The P5 is -1
  3. The P4 is +1
  4. The M2 is -2
  5. The M3 is -4
  6. The M6 is -3
  7. The M7 is -5










Read more ...
Blogger Tricks

Span the Fretboard to Find Tones Easily


You can find the same tones all over the fretboard with ease. From Intervals, the Fretboard and the Strings, you should know that going down one string and left three frets produces a M2. In Riptide Guitar, I call that finger stretch the pinky-to-pointer-down span

By intervals, you should know that a M2 is two frets (a whole step) above the P1. So if you go two frets left, you end up on the same tone from where you started on the string above!

Here is what it looks like for B. B is a P5 from E. Using the pinky-to-pointer-down span minus 2 frets gets you to the next B.

Now that you can find B on A, finding B on the D is easy using intervals. A P5 is seven frets away. So, add two and seven to get nine. Thus, you find B on D on the 9th fret. 

Alternatively, the interval between every third P5 string is a m7. A m7 is two frets below a P8. So to get to that P8, you can use the index-to-ring-down-twice span.


And from the 9th fret, you can find B on G easily.







Read more ...

The Seventh Fret Secret


In Intervals, the Fretboard and the Strings, I showed you how knowing intervals helps you to gain guitar mastery. Knowing a bit about intervals helps you further reveal the secrets of the fretboard.

Any tone on the 7th fret of a P4 string (E, A, D, G) produces a P5 for that string. In Riptide Guitar, we think of the string (B) as being tuned down a half step from the G string. So you need to move up one fret to the 8th fret to get the P5 for B.


If you notice, the tones at the 7th fret starting on "chin" E (aka low E) are the tones of the open strings starting on B and rotating around to G. Wow, right?


Read more ...

Shapes? Say What? Riptide Guitarists Play Runs! Master the Minor 5 (Pentatonic Minor) Runs.


Back in my teenhood, a guy in his late 20s from NYC, a guitarist and maybe a heroin junkie tossed me a softcover workbook-style book. I cannot remember the title of the book but I believe Alfred Publishing produced the work. This book was old. The copyright must have been dated to the early 1970s.

Other than not getting past the first couple of pages, as I recall, the booklet had runs which look exactly like "shapes" as seen below. The first page had the Position 5 run. I played that over and over. After awhile I stopped because I knew it was doing nothing for my playing even though I did not understand why.

After that, I put down the guitar for a long time. Bad teaching will discourage anyone.

So, today, everywhere on the Internet are lessons with pentatonic shapes played at positions. All of that kind of teaching seems so wrong to me in the same way as the Alfred book did many years ago.



Rather than shapes, you should learn to run through the scale, diatonically. In short, you should learn runs. Said another way, you should learn scales. Forget shapes.

Runs are so much easier to learn and to master. If you learn the runs, you will unlock another hidden doorway to advance your playing. Here are the three runs you need to learn. 

Index Finger Run — Minor 5 Scale

Pinky Finger Run — Minor 5 Scale
Ring Finger Run — Minor 5 Scale

So how does it work? 

  1. Find your tonic tone.
  2. Play the run that matches one of the fingers — index (aka pointer), pinky, ring.

Playing with the Open Strings

When you play a run with open strings, you must imagine the plucked open string is the number 1.

That Pesky B String


If you recall from Intervals, the Fretboard and the Strings (yes, you should have read that by now), the intervals between all the strings is a perfect fourth (P4), except between G and B, which is a major third (M3). Looking at it another way, the B string is tuned down a half step from the other strings.

To overcome that half step tuning down of the B string relative to the other strings, your playing must "tune up" by one half step. 

Before your fingers hit the B string, you must adjust the position your fingers in the run up one fret. 

Moving up a fret because of the B string happens so often in runs that two more runs are quite common — the D String Ring Finger Run and the G String Middle Finger Run.

D String Ring Finger Run


D Only Ring Finger Run  — Minor 5 Scale

G String Middle Finger Run


G Only Middle Finger Run — Minor 5 Scale

Practice, Of Course

  1. Practice the three runs from tonic tones on the E string so you can master these runs with ease. 
  2. Once you have the three runs down, practice from the A string.
  3. Practice the D String Ring Finger Run and the G String Middle Finger Run.





Read more ...

Tuesday, March 8, 2016

Become a Fretboard Master with Riptide™ on Memrise


I've put together a quickie course on the free site Memrise titled Riptide Guitar™ Fast Fretboard Mastery. The course teaches and tests your recall of where you find tones on the fretboard.

Testing Phase


Learning Phase


Read more ...

Music Scales and the Secret of What Diatonic Means


Scales Defined



  • A scale is a division of an octave by intervals.
  • A scale is succession of tones with exact relationships among the tones.
  • A scale is succession of tones that divides exactly one octave. 


Typical Scale Divisions 


  • A 5-tone scale is a pentatonic scale (e.g., pentatonic minor, pentatonic major).
  • A 6-tone scale is a hexatonic scale (e.g., blues scale). 
  • A 7-tone scale is a heptatonic scale (e.g., natural major scale, natural minor scale).

Diatonic Scale



  • The prefix dia means through.
  • A diatonic gets played from tonic through its octave.
  • A diatonic scale is merely a scale that includes a Perfect 8 interval. 
  • Said another way, diatonic scale is any scale played through all of the tones of the scale with a second tonic played at its next pitch, which is the first higher multiple of frequency of the tone.
  • Any scale can be a diatonic scale if the octave tone of the tonic gets played.

Scale Degrees


  • A scale degree is the place occupied by a tone of a scale.
  • For pentatonic scales, there are five degrees:
    1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • For hexatonic scales, there are six degrees:
    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    For heptatonic scales, there are seven degrees:
    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Read more ...

Monday, March 7, 2016

Tetrachords


A tetrachord (TC) is four successive tones separated by three intervals.

The Names of Tetrachords


Tetrachords get described by the intervals between the tones.

Major: M2, M2, m2 →  221
Minor: M2, m2, M2 →  212
Upper Minor: m2, M2, M2 →  122
Whole Tone: M2, M2, M2 →  222
Harmonic: m2, m3, m2 →  131
Locrian: m2, M2, m2 →  121
Read more ...